How to Write a Business Plan : A Step by Step Guide

how to write a business plan


Are you worried how to write a business plan and a first-class loan application?  Don’t worry about it.

This article, how to Write a Business Plan contains detailed forms and step-by-step instructions designed to help you prepare a well-thought-out and well-organized plan.

In addition to your positive energy and willingness to succeed, you will be able to develop a business plan and a set of loans that you will be proud to show to your bank credit officer, Small Business Administration or Uncle Harry.

After working with hundreds of business owners, I observed an almost universal truth about business planning:

Writing a plan is a journey in a person’s mind. Even in partnerships and companies, an individual usually has the vision and energy to turn an idea into a business by writing a business plan.

For this reason, I discussed with the owner of the company as a unique individual rather than as a team, group, committee, partnership or company composed of a husband and wife.

And you will find that the same financial and analytical tools needed to convince lenders and potential investors that your business idea is solid can also help you decide if your idea is the right one for you.

You can use How to write a business plan to write the type of plan that best meets your needs:


Complete the business plan. A complete business plan is especially useful for people starting a new business. This form of plan is also excellent for convincing potential customers to support your business.

You will be more successful in raising the funds you need if you answer all the questions from your potential sponsors.

A complete business plan should include the following elements: Title page, plan summary, index, problem statement, business description, business description, business achievements, marketing plan, sales revenue forecast, profit and loss forecast, capital expenditure plan, cash flow forecast, future trends, risks facing your business, personnel plan, personality of the business, personnel calendar, job description, specific objectives of your business, financial statements, personnel history, schedule and related documents.

Quick plan (one-day plan). If you know your business, know it well, are able to make financial projections and have done the necessary research, you may be able to create a plan in one day.

But be aware that a quick plan is a reduced version of a business plan.

This will not convince you or your potential sponsors that your business idea is solid. It is only appropriate if your business idea is very simple or if someone has already committed to supporting your business.

A quick disassembly plan includes these few elements: Title page, plan summary, index, troubleshooting, business description, business description, business description, business achievements, sales revenue forecasts, profit and loss forecasts, capital expenditure plan, cash flow forecasts, appendix and supporting documents Quick Plan.

The “Quick Plan” icon appears at the beginning of each chapter that contains the components of the Quick Plan and guides you to the sections you will need. – Personalized plan.

How to Write a Business Plan : A Step by Step Guide

You can start with a quick plan and add elements from the entire business plan to meet your needs. When deciding what to include and what to exclude, ask yourself:

Which of my statements is stronger?

Which statements do my respondents want to see?

Remember that the schedules contain blank forms and business plans for a small service company, a manufacturing company and a development project.

Getting Started on how to write a business plan:

Before you sit down to write your business plan, you’ll want to gather together these essentials:

  • a word processor
  • a calculator or computer spreadsheet program
  • a good supply of 8½” by 11″ paper
  • several pencils and a good eraser, and
  • access to a photocopy machine.


Well, here’s a word on revising and changing your plan. I firmly believe that you should write down your first thoughts on paper and let them rest for a day or two. Then you can edit, expand, and modify later to get a more perfect statement. Most people discover, around the middle of the writing phase of their plan, that they either want to change their assumptions or a part of the plan they have already written.

My best advice is this: Complete the plan to the end, based on your initial assumptions.

In this way, you will see the financial impact of your ideas, and it will be much easier to make the right changes in the second version.

If you start reviewing parts of the plan before you have the big picture, you will waste a lot of energy.

If you are like me, you will rewrite and revise your plan several times after completing the first passage.

I have informed, lectured and advised on business plans in a variety of forums. I have used this experience to reformulate the exercises more effective, easier and faster to use.

I am friends with many of the people and sometimes help them through the difficult moments of their planning, which for me is the most rewarding part of the experience.

My job is to help people write business plans that help them find money for their business.


What Is a Business Plan?

A business plan is a written statement that describes and analyses your company and gives detailed forecasts about its future.

A business plan also covers the financial aspects of starting or expanding your business – how much money you need and how you will repay it.

Writing a business plan is a lot of work. So why take the time to write one? The best answer is the wisdom gained from literally millions of business owners like you.

Almost without exception, every entrepreneur is satisfied with a plan that he has, and every entrepreneur without a plan wishes that he has written one.

Why write a business plan? Here are some of the specific and immediate benefits you will gain from writing your business plan.

Helps you get money

Most lenders or investors need a written business plan before they will seriously consider your proposal. Even some property owners need a solid business plan before renting you space.

Before making a commitment to you, they want to see that you have thought through critical issues that you face as a business owner and that you really understand your business.

They also want to make sure that your business has a good chance of success.

In my experience, about 35% to 40% of people currently in business do not know how money flows through their business. Writing a business plan teaches you where the money comes from and where it goes.

Is it any wonder that your financiers want to see your plan before considering your financial application?

There are as many potential lenders and investors as there are potential business owners. If you have a well thought out business and financial plan that has a good chance of success and is persistent, you will find the money you need.

Of course, it can take longer than you expect, and it takes more work than you expect, but you will eventually succeed if you believe in your business.

Helps you decide to continue or stop

A major theme of the article may surprise you. It is as simple as it is important.

You, as a future business owner, are the most important person to convince of the validity of your offer.

Therefore, much of the work you have to do here serves a dual purpose. It is designed to answer all the questions that potential lenders and investors will ask themselves.

But it will also show you how money flows through your business, what the strengths and weaknesses of your business concept are, and what your realistic prospects for success are.

The detailed planning process described in this article is not infallible – nothing is in a small business – but it should help you uncover and correct mistakes in your business concept.

If this analysis shows that your idea is not working, you can avoid starting or expanding your business.

This is extremely important. It should go without saying that many business people owe their final success to an earlier decision not to start a business with built-in problems – there is a dual purpose.

There should be answers to all the questions that potential lenders and investors will ask themselves.

But it will also show you how money flows through your business, what the strengths and weaknesses of your business concept are, and what your realistic prospects for success are.


Helps You Keep on Track

Many business owners spend countless hours dealing with emergencies just because they have not learned how to plan.

A written business plan gives you a clear course into the future and facilitates your decision-making. Some problems and opportunities may represent a change of direction worth pursuing, while others may be distractions you can avoid with regard to your business plan.

The black and white of your written business plan will help you face the facts when things don’t work as expected.

For example, if you have planned to earn a living three months after incorporation, and six months later you go into the hole of $100 a day, your business plan should help you see that changes are necessary.

It’s all too easy to delude yourself into running a business that will never achieve its goals if you approach things with a “just a month or two and I’m on it” attitude, rather than comparing its results with its goals.

Beyond Plan Editions

Experienced lenders, investors and entrepreneurs want a plan that considers these aspects. Of course, we cannot cover everything.

Here are some of the key business components that are not considered in this initial planning process. Bookkeeping and Accounting . You have the responsibility to create accounting and bookkeeping systems and ensure that they function properly.

One of the items generated by your accounting system is a balance sheet. A balance sheet is a snapshot at a given time that lists the monetary value of everything you own and owe someone else. Taxes While there are some references to tax issues, most planning information does not discuss how taxes are calculated or paid.

If you make a profit, you pay taxes, and if you make no profit, you pay less taxes. An accountant or tax consultant can help you with tax strategies.

Securities laws

If you plan to raise money by selling shares in a corporation or limited partnership, you are subject to state or federal securities laws.

However, you can borrow money or raise a general partner without being affected by securities laws.

First, note that you must comply with securities regulations after you complete your plan and before you raise money by selling shares or partnership interests in your business.

Your management skills

We will show y our how to write a very good business plan and credit application. However, your ultimate success depends on your ability to implement your plans – your management skills.

How successfully your business relates to the market, business environment and competition can be influenced by patents, franchises, foreign competition, location and the like. We will necessarily focus on principles that are common to all companies and does not discuss the specific issues that distinguish your company from other companies.

For example, we will not discuss how to price your products to compete; I assume you have enough knowledge of the company you choose to answer this question.

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